The Municipality Watchdog is concerned about the Medical Waste that was dumped in
Magaliesburg near Krugersdorp on the West Rand. We will request authorities to investigate this matter and impose strict penalties against the guilty parties involve.
The dumping breaks waste management laws and poses serious health risks including ground water and bore-hole contamination, and the spread of hepatitis and HIV.
Hazardous bags was also left next to the road.
A policy that was published on the Department of Water affairs website and a guideline to medical waste disposal companies.
POLICY ON THE DISPOSAL OF MEDICAL WASTE
I. All medical waste must be incinerated for at least 1 second at 800 °C in an
incinerator with a valid licence in terms of the Atmospheric Pollution Prevention
Act, 1965 (Act 45 of 1965), which has available capacity.
II. Should there be technological options other than incineration available for the
treatment of biohazardous waste (excluding anatomical parts, radioactive waste
and chemotherapeutic waste), which will have final results with regard to impacts
to the environment and human health similar to, or better than, that of
incineration, the Department will consider motivations to use these technologies.
This implies that all infection risk/potential should be completely eliminated over
time, and the waste should no longer be recognisable as of medical origin.
PROCEDURE TO BE FOLLOWED FOR OBTAINING APPROVAL FOR THE
UTILISATION OF TECHNOLOGIES ALTERNATIVE TO INCINERATION FOR THE
HANDLING OF MEDICAL WASTE
1. An application must be submitted to the Department, and the application must be
supported by an extensive motivation report containing a general technical assessment
of the technology. The information required in the motivation report/general technical
assessment (GTA) must include, but is not limited to, the following:
1.1. A detailed description of the project life cycle (e.g. construction,
commissioning, operation etc.)
1.2. A detailed description of the proposed technology;
1.3. A product life cycle: all processes and procedures to be used in the
implementation of the proposed technology, including the following:
1.3.1. Types of medical waste to be treated and any methods for sorting this waste
1.3.2. The final products resulting from the proposed technology;
1.3.3. Classification of the final product according to the document Minimum
Requirements for the Handling, Classification, and Disposal of Hazardous
1.3.4. The location where the final products will be disposed of, including detail
regarding any legal obligations and constraints at that location; as well as
specific operational procedures and precautions that must be followed by the
1.3.5. Sustainable evidence that the final products resulting from the proposed
technology will have effects similar to, or better than, the effects of
incineration on the environment and on human health, including reliable tests
conducted over time to determine the presence and/or persistence of the
¨ Escherichia coli
¨ Streptococcus faecalis
¨ Proteus vulgaris
¨ Proteus sp.
¨ Klebsiella aerogans
¨ Alcaligenes faecalis
¨ Micrococcus spp.
¨ Staphylococcus aureus
¨ Staphylococcus albus
¨ Pseudomonas aeruginosa
¨ Candida albicans
¨ Hepatitis B
¨ HIV infected cells
1.3.6. A water management plan addressing all issues with regard to water quality
and quantity (including a detailed water balance),
1.3.7. A detailed mass balance,
1.3.8. If transportation of medical waste from different sources to a central point is
required, all precautions necessary to minimise the risk of spillage,
1.3.9. The impacts of the processes, procedures and final products as well as the
disposal methods on the environment and on human health; and
1.3.10. A conclusion containing a clear statement by the applicant, supported with
reliable evidence, to the effect that this alternative technology will have effects
similar to incineration on the environment and on human health.
2. The Department may, during the process of evaluating the application, require any
additional information from the applicant that may be necessary to reach a decision.
3. Should an application to use an alternative technology at a specific Waste Disposal Site
be approved by the Department, the Permit Holder of that specific site must be
approached by the successful applicant with a request to dispose of the final product
resulting from this technology at that Site.
4. Should the Permit Holder at that Site give his consent to the applicant, in consultation
with parties involved in his Site, that the waste resulting from the use of this technology
may be disposed on at his Site, the Permit Holder must then submit an application for a
Permit amendment to the Department, since all Permits for landfill sites exclude medical
wastes to be landfilled, unless it has been incinerated.
5. The Department will then consider the application for a Permit amendment, as submitted
by the Permit Holder of the Site.
6. Should the application for a Permit amendment be approved, the permit amendment will
then include specific conditions to control the disposal of this waste in a manner that is
acceptable to all parties.
7. Only after the Permit Holder has received the approved Permit amendment, may this
technology be used to handle medical waste.
For More information don’t hesitate to contact: